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HTML:

The Basics
Adding Color
Adding Images
Backgrounds
Links
Text Format
Page Format
Tables
Frames
Forms



More Than HTML:

Audio
Meta Tags
JavaScript
Cut & Paste JScripts
Style Sheets
IE with Style
IE Form Colors
MS Trans. Effects
Special Character Set



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Quick Reference


Free Stuff:

Graphic Designs
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Reference Sheet

Basic Elements
Document Formatting
Text Formatting
Link Elements
Image Elements
List Elements
Backgrounds and Color
Form Elements
Table Elements
Frame Elements
Other Elements


Basic Elements Back to Top
Document Type <!doctype...> Specifies the document type
Document <HTML></HTML> Identifies begining and end of HTML document
Document Head <HEAD> </HEAD> Contains elements of the document heading. Meta tags, scripts,ect.
Document Title <TITLE> <TITLE> Used in the HEAD of the document.
Document Body <BODY> <BODY> Contains all elements and text of the document
Document Formatting Back to Top
Blinking Text <BLINK> </BLINK> Text contained will 'blink' on the screen.
Center <CENTER> </CENTER> Centers all data inside the container.
Citation <CITE></CITE> Indents the text. Usually in italics
Headings <H?> </H?> 
H1|2|3|4|5|6 
H? COLOR="#rrggbb" 
H? ALIGN=left|center|right
Paragraph and page titles. Sizes are 1-6. 1 being largest
Horizonal Rule <HR> 
Attributes: 
HR ALIGN=left|center|right 
HR NOSHADE 
HR WIDTH="%|?" 
HR SIZE="?"
Creates a horizonal line. Does not use an end tag.
Line Break <BR> Forces text to the next line
Keep text together <NOBR> </NOBR> Prevents word wrap
Paragraph <P>Attributes: 
P ALIGN=left|center|right
Does not need a closing tag. Used alone will create a double spacebetween paragraphs. According to W3C empty paragraph elements should be ignored
Preformatted Text <PRE> </PRE> Displays text as-is.
Quote <BLOCKQUOTE> </BLOCKQUOTE> Double indents text 5 spaces
Text Formatting Back to Top
Base Font <BASE FONT SIZE="?"> Sizes are 1-7, default size is 3
Bold <B> </B> Changes text to bold type.
Empasize <EM> </EM> Same as Italics
Font Color <FONT COLOR="#rrggbb|color"> RGB hex number or color name.
Font type <FONT FACE="Font name"> </FONT> Font must be installed on the idividual computer
Font size <FONT SIZE="?"> </FONT> In points -7 to +7
Italics <I> </I> Changes text to italics
Large Font <BIG> </BIG> Changes font size to next size larger
Small Font <SMALL> </SMALL> Changes font size to next size smaller
Spacer <SPACER> 
Attributes: 
SPACER TYPE=horizonal|vertical|block
 
Span <SPAN> </SPAN> Used to hold formatting attributes such as style sheets
Strikeout <S> </S> 
<STRIKE> </STRIKE>
Strikeout
Strong <STRONG> </STRONG> Same as bold
Subscript <SUB> </SUB> This is subscript
Superscript <SUP> </SUP> This is superscript
Typewritter <TT> </TT> Typerwritter
Underline <U> </U> Underline
Links Back to Top
Basic Link <A HREF="http://URL/">(outside) 
<A HREF="page.html">(inside)
Links to any URL outside your web site or inside your domain
E-mail <A HREF="mailto:you@domain.com">  
Target <A HREF="page.html#targetname">(inside) 
<A HREF="http://url/page.html#targetname">
Used with <A NAME="targetname">
Target name <A NAME="targetname"> Used to target links inside the document
Target Window <A HREF="url" TARGET="windowname|_self|_parent|_top|_blank"> Used to target specified browser window
Images Back to Top
Image <IMAGE SRC="file.ext"> Displays an image withing the document.
  <IMAGE SRC="http://url/file.ext"> Calls the image from a url outside your domain
  <IMAGE SRC="directory/file.ext"> Calls the image from a directory inside your domain.
Image attributes 
Used inside the IMAGE tag
HEIGHT=? WIDTH=? Specifies the height and width of the image.
 BORDER=? Specifies the border width of the image in pixels
  HSPACE=? Specifies the horizonal space left and right of the image in pixels
  VSPACE=? Specifies the vertical space above and below the image in pixels
  LOWSRC="file.ext" Used to insert a smaller file size image beneath the image
Image Map <IMG SRC="file.ext" ISMAP>(server side) 
<IMG SRC="file.ext" USEMAP"mapname">(client side)
Requires use of map script for server side image maps
Map Description <MAP NAME="mapname">  
Map Specifications <AREA SHAPE="rect|circle" COORDS="?,?,?,?" HREF="url|nohref"> Client side. Requires the pixel coordinates of the image
Objects <EMBED SRC="file.ext"> Embeds a file into the document. Widely used for audio and video images
Lists Back to Top
Ordered list <OL> </OL> Use for numbered lists. Uses <LI> for list items
Unordered List <UL> </UL> Use for bulleted lists. Uses <LI> for list items
List Item <LI> List data, used before each item of the list
Bulleted Types <UL TYPE=circle|disc|square">(entire list) 
<LI TYPE="circle|disc|square">(subsequent)
Specifies the type of bullet
Number Types <OL TYPE="A|a|I|i|1">(entire list) 
<LI TYPE="A|a|I|i|1">(subsequent)
Specifies the type of numbering
Number Start <OL START="?">(entire list) 
<LI START="?">(subsequent)
 
Definition List <DL> </DL> Uses <DT> for definition terms
Definition Term<DT> </DT> Defines the definition term
Definition Data <DD> </DD> Defines the definition data
Menu List <MENU> </MENU> Use <LI> for menu items
Directory List <DIR> </DIR> Use <LI> for directory items
Backgrounds and Color Back to Top
Background Image BACKGROUND="file.ext"(used inside the BODY tag) Inserts an image in the background of the document
Background Color BGCOLOR="#RRGGBB|colorname"(used inside the BODY tag) Specifies the color of the background of the document. ClickHere for a short list of colors and coordinating hexidecimal numbers.
Link Color LINK="#RRGGBB|colorname"(used inside the BODY tag) Specifies the unvisited link color throughout the document.
Visited link color VLINK="#RRGGBB|colorname"(used inside the BODY tag) Specifies the visited link color throughout the document.
Active link color ALINK="#RRGGBB|colorname"(used inside the BODY tag) Specifies the active link color throughout the document.
Form Elements Back to Top
Form Specification <FORM> </FORM>  
Form Action ACTION="cgi-bin/file.cgi"(used inside the FORM tag) Requires the use of a CGI script
Form Method METHOD="post|get" (used inside the FORM tag)  
Input Field <INPUT TYPE="text|radio|checkbox|password|hidden|submit|reset|image" 
Attributes: 
NAME="fieldname" 
SIZE="?" 
MAXLENGHT="?"(in characters)  
value="..."
User data input. NAME= is required. 
Selection Drop Down Menu <SELECT NAME="fieldname"> </SELECT> 
Attributes: 
SIZE=?(number of options) 
MULTIPLE(more than one option can be selected)
Name is required
Selection Menu Items <OPTION VALUE="...">...(used inside the SELECT container)  
Text Box <TEXTAREA NAME="fieldname"> </TEXTAREA> 
Attributes: 
COLS=? 
ROWS=? 
WRAP="true|off|virtual|physical" 
MAXLENGTH=?
End tag is required.
Table Elements Back to Top
Table Specification <TABLE> </TABLE> 
Attributes: 
WIDTH="%|?" 
ALIGN="left|center|right" 
CELLSPACING=? 
CELLPADDING=? 
BGCOLOR="#RRGGBB|colorname" 
BACKGROUND="file.ext" 
BORDER=? 
BORDERCOLOR="#RRGGBB|colorname"
Defines and formats the table
Table Row <TR> </TR> 
Attributes: 
ALIGN="left|center|right" 
VALIGN="top|middle|bottom" 
BGCOLOR="#RRGGBB|colorname" 
BACKGROUND="file.ext"
Required
Table Data <TD> </TD> 
Attributes: 
ALIGN="left|center|right" 
VALIGN="top|middle|bottom" 
BGCOLOR="#RRGGBB|colorname" 
NOWRAP
Required. All visible elements go in this container.
Column Span <TD COLSPAN="?"> (number of cells to span)  
Row Span <TD ROWSPAN="?">(number of rows to span  
Table Heading <TH></TH> 
Attributes: 
BGCOLOR="#RRGGBB|colorname 
ALIGN="left|center|right" 
VALIGN="top|middle|bottom"
Bolds and centers all text inside the container
Table Captioin <CAPTION></CAPTION> 
Attributes: 
ALIGN="top|bottom"
 
Frame Elements Back to Top
Frame Document <FRAMESET> </FRAMESET> Used without <HTML> tags
Frame Rows <FRAMESET ROWS="%,*|?,?"> </FRAMESET * = relative size
Frame Columns <FRAMESET COLS="%,*|?,?"> </FRAMESET  
Document Frame <FRAME SRC="url|file.ext"> Specifies what document is to be displayed in the frame window
Frame Name <FRAMESET NAME="windowname"> Each frame windodw must be named
No Frames <NOFRAMES> </NOFRAMES> Allows non-frames capable browsers to read the document.
Other Elements Back to Top
Comment <!-- ... --> Places hidden comments in the source of the document.
Base URL <BASE HREF="url of page" 
Attributes:TARGET="_top|_parent|_self|_blank|..."
Must be placed before the <HTML> start tag.
Meta <META> 
Attributes: 
NAME="description|keywords|revisit after|rating|distribution|author" 
CONTENT="..." 
HTTP-EQUIV=" "
Meta tags are used primarily for search engine indexing. These must be placed inside the <HEAD> container. Each attribute must be in a separateMETA tag.
Style Sheets <STYLE> </STYLE> 
Attributes: 
TYPE="..."
For complete information on style sheets clickhere
Scripts <SCRIPT LANGUAGE="..."> </SCRIPT>  


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